Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s caste bias exposed: shades all characters in 42 movies with caste hierarchy

Pic1 Hrishikesh Mukherjee Saga untold: 99% character names are Upper Caste.

A renowned Indian film director Hrishikesh Mukherjee is named as a pioneer of the ‘middle cinema’ of India. He was also known for his simple and social films. Ironically, Mr. Mukherjee’s middle cinema which represents the middle class ethos, simple mentality mostly drafted an upper class impact on audience. Middle class families has outlined with the silver layer of Brahmin names and upper class lifestyle. Each movie has depicted a high living of middle class family, refined attitude of characters, sophisticated sources of revenue and so do the noble names of characters.

No doubt the scripts were well skilled and cultured even the sound and techniques, cinematography entire was remarkable; are still in the heart of India like ‘Anand’, who died but still immortal. Yet, a certain trend was established by director and so do the writers representing a main character of cinemas for middle class families with upper class names. If one representing a farmer, servant, maid director gives only names like Raghu, Hariprasd, Jai Singh, Raju, didi etc. but not a title.  Analysis showed a main character with the title Tripathi, Roy, Sharma, Chaturvedi, Abhyankar, Kriplani, Kulkarni and so on picked up by directors. These are not a single incident happened in 60s or 70s, its repeatedly go on and grow through the decades till date plant via each and every character’s name of the Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s movies.

A common man of 60s and 70s, who might be knew little about an importance of education and sophisticated living were dreamt to have a larger than life living style as shown in Mukherjee’s movies, which was not affordable for him.  A common man whose first priority was family was completely fascinated, magnetized by the Mukherjee’s ‘upper class plant surrounding’, thinking to earn money, sometimes feeling guilty about own names and that was a fact. Why not director used other titles to get hits?

What does this segregation of names reflects? However, this titles segregation system created a long lasting impact on the Indian mind.

Chart No.1 Analytical Chart of Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s Film

Musafir (1957) Suchitra Sen Shakuntala Brahmin
Anari  (1959) Raj KapoorNutan Raj KumarAarti Sohanlal Thakur
Anuradha(1960) Balraj SahniLeela Naidu Dr. Nirmal ChaudharyAnuradha Roy Thakur
Anupam (1966) DahrmendraSharmila Tagore AshokUma Sharma Brahmins
Majhli Didi (1967) Meena KumriDharmendraLalita Pawar Hemangini ‘Hema’Bipinchandra ‘Bipin’Kadambini Brahmin Family
Aashirwad (1968) Ashok Kumar
Sanjeev Kumar
Jogi ThakurDr. Biren Thakur
Satyakam (1969) DharmendraSharmila Tagore Satyapriya  ArcharyaRanjana Brahmin
Guddi (1971) Jaya BhaduriUtpal Dutt GuddiProfessor Gupta Baniya
Anand (1971) Rajesh Khanna
Amitabh BachchanRamesh DeoSeema Deo
Anand SehgalDr. Bhaskar Banerjee

Dr. Prakash Kulkarni

Suman Kulkarni

Punjabi BrahminBengali Brahmin Marathi Brahmin

Marathi Brahmin

Bawarchi (1972) Rajesh Khanna
Jaya BhaduriUsha Kiran
Raghu (Bawarchi)Krishna Sharma

Shobha Sharma

North Indian Brahmins
Namak Haram (1973) Rajesh Khanna
Amitabh Bachchan
Somnath Chander Singh
Vikram Maharaj
Abhimaan (1973) Amitabh Bachchan
Jaya Bachchan
Subir KumarUma KumarChander Kripalani Brahmins
Fir Kab Miloge (1974) Mala Sinha
Rajesh Sharma
Sapna ShethBiswajeet Brahmins
Chupke Chupke  (1975) DharmendraSharmila TagoreOm


Amitabh Bachchan

Jaya Bachchan

Prof Parimal TripathiSulekha Chaturvedi


Sukumar Sinha


UP BrahminUP Brahmin


Bihari Brahmin

Mili 1975 Ashok Kumar
Amitabh BachchanJaya Bhaduri
Mr. KhannaShekhar DayalMili Khanna PunjabiBrahminUP Brahmin

Punjabi Brahmin

Alaap (1977) Amitabh Bachchan
RekhaOm Prakash
Alok PrasadRadhakumariAdv Triloki Prasad South Brahmin
Kotwal Saab (1977) Shatughan Sinha
Aprana Sen
Bharat Pratap SinhaPrabha B. Sharma South Brahmin
Naukari (1978) Rajesh Khanna
ZaheeraRaj Kapoor
Ranjit GuptaRamolaSwaraj Singh BaniyaThakur
Jurmana (1979) Amitabh BachchanRakheeDr.ShriRam LaguAsrani Inder SaxenaRama Sharma

Prof. Dayashankar Sharma

Nandlal Chaturvedi




Golmal (1979) Amol Palekar
Utpal Dutt
Ramprasad / LakshmanprasadBhawani Shankar Brahmin
Bemisal (1982) Amitabh Bachchan Ashutosh Mukharjee Bengali Brahmin
Khubsoorat (1980) Ashok Kumar
RekhaRakesh Roshan
Dwarka Prasad GuptaManju GuptaInder Gupta BaniyaBaniya
Naram Garam (1981)
Amol Palekar
Swaroop Spat
Utpal Dutt
Ram Eshwar PrasadKusum

Bhavani Shankar Bajpai
South Brahmins
Acha Bura (1983) Raj BabbarAnita Raj Ravi LalaRita Roy Brahmin
Rang Birangi (1983)  Parveen Babi
Amol PalekarFarooq Sheikh
Nirmala SharmaAjay SharmaProf. Jeet Saxena BrahminBrahmin
Jhoothi (1985) Rekha KalpanaRaj BabbarAmol Palekar ShrivastavDr. Anil GuptaKamal Nath KayastaBaniya
Jhoot Bole Kauwa Kate(1998) Anil kapoor Juhi chawalaAmrish Puri ShankarUrmilaretired police officer Abhayankar Uppar caste


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