More than 80-90% population of India has origin to Shudra caste by Vedic certification of castes by Brahmins. Guru Nanak found Sikh tradition in 1499 AD, at the age of 30 to avoid Brahmanism and Islam persecution and exploitation. Declining Brahmanism and Islam persecution in his reveled faith implies he was from suppressed lower castes so he wanted to encounter the both the exploiting religions in that age though his spiritual leaders claim he was belongs to parents of Hindus as a Khatri by caste of the Bedi clan and some claims his parents were both Hindus and belonged to the merchant caste; but logically both are from fabricated origin. His father served as the patwari (accountant) of crop revenue for the village of Talwandi in the employment of a Muslim landlord of that area, Rai Bular Bhatti. Psychologically a luxurious class without any social stigma trauma will never try for social reformation. He had mentioned “There is neither Hindu nor Mussulman (Muslim), but only man. So whose path shall I follow? I shall follow God’s path. God is neither Hindu nor Mussulman and the path which I follow is God’s.” “Sikhism does not subscribe to the theory of incarnation or the concept of prophethood. But it has a pivotal concept of Guru. He is not an incarnation of God, not even a prophet. He is an illumined soul.” Sikh Gurus made every attempt possible to eliminate the caste system. Langar was established where all people gather to eat food while sitting together at the same level on the floor, as there is nothing lower than the floor. Furthermore, by knowing the last name one could distinguish which caste the person is from, Guru Gobind Singh Ji gave all Sikh men the last name “Singh” and all Sikh women the last name “Kaur” so that no one can distinguish anyone’s caste. Everyone is considered equal in Sikhism. But dominance of so called upper caste Hindus in Sikhism made it derailed from its real protocols and Brahmins Caste system exist in Sikh society as undeniable truth. Guru Gobind Singh has abolished casteism, but caste still exist. Some say that Guru Gobind Singh did not abolish caste system within Sikhs but merely implied equality of all castes. Whatever the arguments of their so called scholars but the undeniable truth to be considered that they all tried to eradicate Brahmins caste system in their promoting religion i.e. the religion is basically anti Brahmin philosophy; but Brahmins even contaminated that and made it in their control.
Dr. Ambedkar went to Amritsar in 1936 with his proposal to convert about 60 million Dalit to Sikhism from total approx 22 crores population of India, as his first choice religion. The Sikh leadership, including Master Tara Singh, a high caste, had been advised by Gandhi and the Brahmin leaders to reject the proposed conversion as that would shift the monopoly of power from the higher caste Sikhs to the new Dalit Sikhs. Gandhi and the Brahmins also did not want the message of caste less society advocated by Sikhism to spread to the rest of India – the land of caste, to which Gandhi and Brahminical forces subscribed.
If the Sikhs had accepted the proposal at that time, today Sikhs would have numbered 250 to 300 million, and would have had a lot of clout in all power structures, and what had happened to them in 1984 would probably never would have happened. Furthermore, if they had accepted the conversion, their demand for autonomy would have had a more realistic chance of being met. More still, the Sikh slogan “Raj Karega Khalsa” would have become real by capturing political power in the new democratic India.
Apparently, the Sikh leadership was not interested in expansion of Sikhism to India as they were blinded by their selfish interest, and not the interest of Sikhism. They feared, that they would lose all control and power to the new Dalit Sikhs. If only the Sikhs leaders had followed the true agenda of Guru Gobind Singh Ji of a new caste less society in India; the Guru had hoped that his Khalsa contagion would spread rapidly throughout India especially among victims of the caste system (the lower castes i.e. the shudra varna who form nearly 80% of India’s population).
This was a great loss to Sikhism. The Sikhs had one chance to expand their religion out of Punjab to the rest of India, and they have lost that chance. Sikhism has become a stunted religion as a result without any missionary zeal, restricted to Punjab and largely a hereditary religion with no new conversions at national or international level. This was a great achievement for the Brahminical forces as they did not want Sikhism to spread to rest of India and threaten the hegemony of Brahmins and the Brahminical system in India. The Guru’s in their infinite wisdom wanted Sikhism to be a India wide religion but the Sikh leaders at the time lacked that wisdom and had put their own agenda, above the agenda and the vision of the Guru’s.