Mauryan Empire which is now known as India was the largest kingdom in 250 BCE with area coverage about 5,000,000 km² in south Asia. Ashoka had polarized by Buddhism after the Kalinga war (262 – c. 261 BCE) after that he proclaimed himself as Buddhist and had promoted Buddhism in his kingdom and outside of his kingdom. Which implicates two major facts 1. In that time Kalinga was a place of Buddhism practice where he got polarized, 2. Asoka found Buddhism is best faith than other faiths in that time in the age of kingdoms in south Asia. Asoka had made many Biharas, Stupas and Buddhist shrines, stone inscriptions, cave inscription & pillar inscriptions to promote Buddhism various part of the neighboring kingdoms including his own kingdom. Asoka had built many of these emblems to promote Buddhism but after the destruction by Buddhist decliners; we got today only few pillars remaining that has inscriptions; most of them are found in India. The inscriptions on the pillars described edicts about morality based on Buddhist tenets. Legend has it that Ashoka built 84,000 Stupas commemorating the events and relics of Buddha’s life. The only one pillar which is located in presently named Lumbini, Nepal is of particular note thinking as it is the oldest inscription found in Nepal and it also commemorate Ashoka’s visit to Buddha’s birthplace after he converted to Buddhism. If you compare Lumbini pillar with Indian Asoka pillars it looks new and dissimilar comparing to Indian Asoka pillars.
PICTURES OF NEPAL ASOKAN PILLAR
If you read “Asoka and the decline of Mauryas” by writer Romila Thapar you can find very clear proofs that Asoka never believed in Vedism or Sanatan Dharma or in Varna system. I am having doubt Asoka had used the word Brahman & Brahmi in his inscriptions due to declining Vedism & Brahmanism in his empire though he had not intolerant to other faiths in that time; but the use of “Brahmins” & “Bramhi” in the translation to English only will be replaced by “Buddhist monks” & “Prakrit or the unidentified language claimed as Bramhi.” Now let’s come to Lumbini of Nepal. This place was not Lumbini till the pillar found there, and it was previously known or named as Rummindei according to Alois Anton Führer; which is situated in the foothills of the Siwalik range in the district of Rupandehi. The Ashokan Pillar in Lumbini stands at 6 meters and is made from pink sandstone which is not similar like Indian Asoka pillars which arises a question of doubt about its authenticity in that place. The pillars were mostly built by Asoka if he had built that pillar then why it does not resemblance with his other pillars? You can even get the pics of that pillar searching google from which you can find the pics, that the pillar is inside a pit.
You can get above picture from various sources as an old picture of Alois Anton Führer‘s claimed pillar. If it had existed there before, then why there is a picture of pillar in a pit? Pillar in a pit shows enough clues that it’s a fabrication. The pillar was lost until 1896 when a team of archaeologists rediscovered it. The Ashokan pillar, discovered by Gen. Khadga S. Rana and Dr. Alois Fuhrer in 1896, presented the first epigraphic evidence relating to the life history of Lord Buddha. Alois Anton Führer (26 Nov. 1853, Limburg an der Lahn, Germany – 5 Nov. 1930 Binningen, Switzerland) was a German Indologist who worked for the Archaeological Survey of India. He is known for his archaeological excavations, which he believed proved that Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini, Nepal. Führer’s archaeological career was bad which had ended in disgrace. Under official instructions from the Government of India, Führer was relieved of his positions, his papers seized and his offices inspected by Vincent Arthur Smith on 22 September 1898. Confronted by Smith about his archaeological publications and his report to the Government, Führer was obliged to admit “that every statement in it [the report] was absolutely false.” These activities were presaged by Führer’s publications on Sanskrit texts and law which, as shown by Andrew Huxley, are effectively works of plagiarism, large portions being copied from the writing of Georg Bühler. On 8 April 1898 Georg Bühler drowned in Lake Constance, under somewhat mysterious circumstances. Contemporary accounts mostly attributed it to an accident, but it has been speculated that it was a suicide motivated by Bühler’s connections to a scandal involving his former student Alois Anton Führer. Nepal never ruled by majorly Brahmins & Islamic empires so who destroyed the Buddhist pillar there and why it could not discover before 1896 If it had there? If Ashoka found the place as Buddhist birth place, then why he had not given so importance like other places in India? Or it’s only a fabrication by Buddhist decliner conspirators to depart Buddha from India for their racial hegemony, fabricating his birth place promoting “birth place of Buddha is outside of India” through the corrupt & criminal archeologists Alois Anton Führer? There was no historical proof exists Ashoka had ever visited the Rummindei in 248/249BC, which is now claimed as the birthplace of the Buddha. It’s even not clear whether Ashokan built the pillar or whether the people of Rummindei. The pillar itself a question of its authenticity. The inscription reads: “King Piyadasi (Ashoka), beloved of devas, in the 20th year of the coronation, himself made a royal visit, Buddha Sakyamuni having been born here; a stone railing was built and a stone pillar erected to the Bhagavan having been born here, Lumbini village was taxed reduced and entitled to the eight part (only).” The text itself proofs it was not made by Asoka and a fabrication; it’s because texts saying in his 20th coronation he had visited there. Asoka ruled his kingdom “268BC – 232 BC” (ruled 36yrs). Kalinga war had took place in 262BCE – 261BCE; it means he had been a Buddhist after 261BC i.e. after his Coronation 268 BCE. Which means Asoka lived as non-Buddhist about 6years after being a King and rest of his life as Buddhist king. Is not it a joke if he knew the birth place of Buddha, which is in Nepal at Lumbini, then why he visited there after 14 years? If the place had ever existed named Lumbini in Nepal and was part of a Maurya empire, then why it took him 14 years to reach there though he never had any demographic issues? There is no rocket science needed to proof the birth place of Buddha is not in Nepal and its in India. How-many Buddhist idols and sites are found in Nepal? What is the age of that Asoka pillar for which Anton Führer claimed Buddha’s birth place is in Nepal and the place is Lumbini? How many Buddha idols are found till to date in Nepal? What are the ages of the Buddhist idols found in Nepal comparing to those are found in India? The fabrication is also not well orchestrated and planned so its a joke and believing in Alois Anton Führer’s claim is absolutely stupidity and meant for brainwash with an evil intention. If you deeply study our Indian race of faiths, then you can find only one race i.e. Vedism/Brahmanism had always tried to decline Buddhism in Asoka’s or Mauryans empire. It was itself Mauryan empire’s dishonest Vedic Brahmin army chief Pushyamitra Shunga did the treason and had slain the Asoka’s descendant Brihadratha cowardly & mercilessly. He had only destroyed the national religion of Maurya empire i.e. Buddhism implementing vedism with Manusmriti by hook and crook. Even you can find from google search, Brihadratha was assassinated in 185 BCE during a military parade by the Brahmin general Pushyamitra Shunga, commander-in-chief of his guard, who then took over the throne and established the Shunga dynasty. Only due to Pushyamitra Shunga the unified largest kingdom of South Asia destroyed and after that it had separated to many small and large kingdoms by successor kings. Only due to Pushyamitra Shunga Mauryans largest empire gone through the massive destruction of its multi-cultural unified Buddhist Kingdom & lost its identity as south Asian largest empire. Brahmins are the eye catching decliner and conspirator of declining Buddhism in India in that time to till date. Buddha’s birth place in Nepal is more than 100% conspired by Brahmins; if it will be investigated properly then we can find the peoples behind Alois Anton Führer. Why a German Archeologist had worried about the Birth place of Buddha? Where he got the materials & instigation for fabrications? Is it Muslims or British who would benefit fabricating the birth place of Buddha? Now let’s search, which place is the real birth place of Buddha in India. If you study the criminal psychology and pathological conspirators, then you will find a common behavioral pattern in them i.e. they will fabricate to that matter more which is believed is really true. In Vedism the root Veda is Rig Veda. Crook Brahmanism is a racial organized crime in India till to date. When they implemented their Char Dham concept, then before the pilgrims got famous they had placed their Mathas first in those place to control the pilgrims. The char dham comprises Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri and Rameswaram. The Four Shankaracharya Peeth (Seats) at the Chaar Dham school of Hinduism, created in these Hindu monastic institutions. They organized the Hindu monks under four Maṭhas (Sanskrit: मठ) (monasteries), with the headquarters at Dvārakā in the West, Jagannatha Puri in the East, Sringeri Sharada Peetham in the South and Badrikashrama in the North.
The table below gives an overview of the four Amnaya Mathas founded by Adi Shankara, and their details.
|Padmapāda||East||Govardhana Pīṭhaṃ||Prajñānam brahma (Consciousness is Brahman)||Rig Veda||Bhogavala|
|Sureśvara||South||Sringeri Śārada Pīṭhaṃ||Aham brahmāsmi (I am Brahman)||Yajur Veda||Bhūrivala|
|Hastāmalakācārya||West||Dvāraka Pīṭhaṃ||Tattvamasi (That thou art)||Sama Veda||Kitavala|
|Toṭakācārya||North||Jyotirmaṭha Pīṭhaṃ||Ayamātmā brahma (This Atman is Brahman)||Atharva Veda||Nandavala|
Puri is dedicated to Rig Veda. So Puri is the root victim of first fabrication with strong proof implementation by them i.e. dedicating it to Rig. Veda. Govardhana matha(820 AD) had founded by Adi Shankara (788 CE-820 CE (aged 32)) and had established before the temple was reconstructed by Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva i.e. in 820 AD. So it is quite sure here is the key point of destruction of Buddhism in Odisha and since its dedicated to Rig veda it’s the place where Buddhism had originated. Adi Shankara was the philosopher and theologian from India who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. He is credited with unifying and establishing the main currents of thought in Hinduism and as a great Vedism promoter. Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya and Madhvacharya are considered to be the pillars of Vedantic tradition of spiritual India. Adi Shankara had more inclination to Shaivism according to his three parallel mark worn on the forehead that belongs to represent worshipping to Shiva as prime God. Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva (1077AD-1150AD) was a ruler of the Eastern Ganga dynasty during its apogee, which ruled southern part of Kalinga, India. The Jagannath Temple at Puri was rebuilt in the 12th century atop its ruins by Anantavarman Chodaganga. The ruined temple was nothing but a Buddhist shrine. King Chodaganga was originally a Shaivite from Srimukhalingam who became a Vaishnava under the influence of Ramanuja (1017–1137 CE) when he visited Puri. Since Govardhana matha had established in 820 AD in Odisha its highly possible Shaivism had spread in Puri due to only Adi Shankara but when his next great vedic promoter Ramanuja came to Odisha then he polarized the king according to his inclination to godly identity i.e. Vaishnavism. Ramanuja was a great follower of Vishnu. You can find the Vaishnavism symbol used by Ramanuja and in Puri temple’s top are same. It’s the reason why it is dedicated to the Lord Vishnu. The Jagannath temple was built in the 12th century (1161 AD) atop its ruins by the progenitor of the Eastern Ganga dynasty, King Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva; but Govardhana Matha was existed 1161-820=341 years before the reconstruction of the temple. What it was doing there? Adi Shankara is root cause of destroying Buddhism after the Shunga empire and was a prime promoter of Vedism that propagates Purushasukta of Rigveda (fourfold caste system) and ideology of Manusmriti. So he was the first Master Mind to destroy the real culture of Odisha and making of the fake Jagannath Culture. Adi Shankara and Ramanuja have no origin to Odian race at all though both are belongs to south India and were representing Shaivite and Vaishnava cult of Vedism imposed paganism i.e. Sanatana Dharma or Brahmanism. Vedism is not a part of Odian race as claimed by present Odian spiritual scholars and leaders due to either lack of historic ignorance or want to impose and continue Vedic hegemony declining real Odian culture Buddhism for self and organized benefits. The caste system hails from Purusha sukta (puruṣasūkta) hymn 10.90 of the Rig-Veda. Purusha is described as a primeval giant, not unlike Norse Ymir, that is sacrificed by the gods (Purushamedha) and from whose body the world and the varnas (castes) are built. He is described as having a thousand heads and a thousand feet. He emanated Viraj, the female creative principle, from which in turn the world was made. In the sacrifice of Purusha, the Vedic chants were first created. The horses and cows were born, the Brahmins were made from Purusha’s mouth, the Kshatriyas from his arms, the Vaishyas from his thighs, and the Shudras from his feet. The Moon was born from his spirit, the Sun from his eyes, the heavens from his skull. Indra and Agni emerged from his mouth. It means Brahmins in our ancient India created this definition according to their favor to dominate other social groups for racial hegemony. Their motive was to divide society symbolizing according to the important body parts of a human with social pivotal professions to administer the social groups according to their favor.
Objecting to Purusha of Veda, Jagannath Identity had created. Jagannath idols are anti Brhamins and anti Vedic like Buddha. No mouth represents, we don’t believe or declines that Brahmins are created from purusha’s mouth, no arms represents we declines or don’t believe that Kshatriyas are born from Prusha’s arms, no thighs represent we declines Vaishyas are made from prusha’s thighs and no legs of Jagannath idol represents we decline or don’t believe Shudras are made from Purusha’s feet; the remained rest of the body is our society without any discriminating class system those are having rights of equality in all respects. In other words, excluding those are made from mouth, arms, thighs and feet remaining body is our society that don’t have any class. So identity is against fourfold caste system. Puri was a Buddhist temple before it reconstructed as Jagannath temple. According to Sri Lankan legends, when the Buddha died in 543 BCE, his body was cremated in a sandalwood pyre at Kushinagar and his left canine tooth was retrieved from the funeral pyre by his disciple, Khema. Khema then gave it to King Brahmadatte for veneration. It became a royal possession in Brahmadatte’s country and was kept in the city of Dantapuri (modern Puri, Odisha). It shows the linkage of Buddha to Puri. Architectural style of Puri temple is Kalinga Buddhist Architecture. The procession of cars of the gods is mentioned in one of Ashoka’s edicts, so it’s from Buddhist origin. Proof of Chariot festival is from Jagannath cult origin is absent before 1200AD so it proofs the chariot festival of Buddhist relic fabricated to Jagannath chariot festival in Puri by Vedic promoters. The eating of food by all castes & race in the same place is a custom from Buddhist origin to decline Vedic fourfold caste system which had fabricated to Mahaprasad tradition but as Hotel to specific religion i.e. to only followers of Vedism/Hinduism/Sanatana Dharma or Bramhanism. According to W.J. Wilkinson, in Puri, Buddhism was once a well-established practice but later Buddhists were persecuted and Brahmanism became the order of the religious practice in the town; the Buddha deity in now worshipped by the Hindus as Jagannatha. It is also said that some relics of Buddha were placed inside the idol of Jagannath which the Brahmins claimed were the bones of Krishna. Even during Ashoka‘s reign in 240 BC Odisha was a Buddhist center and that a tribe known as Lohabahu (barbarians from outside Odisha) converted to Buddhism and built a temple with an idol of Buddha which is now worshipped as Jagannatha. It is also said that Lohabahu deposited some Buddha relics in the precincts of the temple. Buddhist emblems destroyed by Brahminism/Vedism fabricating the Idol. The birth place of Buddha points to Odisha not to Nepal for many reasons. Dr. Cunningham in his “Ancient Geography of India” points out the place where from the Tarai inscription had been discovered is not at all related to the name Kapilavastu or even the name Kapila. And the noted historian Dr. Smith asserts that the place of the discovery of the Tarai inscription was never called Rummindei; it was a forged name given to it by archaeologist Dr. Fuhrer. The noted historian V.A.Smith challenges this statement of Dr. Fuhrer and comments – “This gives no further evidence for Fuhrer’s assertion and it appears that neither the Nepalese officials nor the hill-men called it Rumindei.” This was forgery of the name by Fuhrer in order to convert his discovery to a conclusion and to relate it with the name Lumbini. And uptill now it has become the conclusion. But later on he (Dr. Fuhrer) admitted that there was no such name ever called Rummindei in Nepal. Besides it has been proved that Buddhism had not been adopted in Nepal till the 6th century A.D. In face of all these clear-cut statements of noted scholars, it is quite sane to focus our attention on the village Kapileswara at Bhubaneswar in Orissa. The centuries old Kapileswara village has got some similarity with the Kapilavastu in name and a region nearby called Lembai is similar to Lumbini. According to Tripitaka, Lumbini was a small estate with its capital at Kapilvastu. Till recently, as can be seen from maps of 1817 AD there was a Lembai Pragana; and Kapileswara was a part of it. Besides, the inscription of Kapileswara village corroborates the statement of Tripitaka and the Kalinga war of Asoka. The mention of the era of Buddha and the name of the scribe in the said inscription help us to take this as genuine. Out of four places hallowed in memory of Buddha, one is his birthplace Kapilavastu. When the birthplace sculptures were destroyed, it might be intentionally fabricated placing it to the other place declining birth place of Buddha in India. In Nepal, not only the name Lumbini, but also the name Kapilavastu is rare. The statement of Dr. Cunningham in his book ‘The Ancient Geography of India’ bears testimony to this: No trace of Kapila has yet been discovered at the foot of the Himalayas. After the recognition of these areas as the birth-place of Lord Buddha, only recently (within sixty years) these names are being used in the maps and official documents. Another important fact is that a temple of Mayadevi, Buddha’s mother, is also found at so called Lumbini. But R.R.Diwakar says that this temple must have been built later, as the building of temples was not yet in vogue during the time of Asoka. Many historians are of opinion that the scripts found in the Tarai inscription have no similarity with the script of other inscriptions of Asoka’s time. If scholars take up the study of this Tarai inscription with all seriousness, it will be crystal clear that this inscription does not belong to the time of Asoka, nor does the pillar containing the inscription. Dr. Fuhrer discovered the Asokan stone inscription in the Nepal Tarai in 1896. The Kapileswara birth-plate, also evidently an Asokan stone inscription, was discovered 32 years later. A great deal of discussion on the Kapileswara plate appeared in the Indian Historical Quarterly (vol. V) in 1929, but no research was conducted on it. Research scholars both inside and outside Orissa and India did not examine the evidence with any seriousness and it was left at that, till Chakradhar Mahapatra conducted extensive research on the subject and brought out a book named “The Real Birth Place of Buddha” published in 1977. Mr. Chakradhar Mahapatra argues that an Asoka-pillar existed at the then Kapilavastu and the present Kapileswar, which recorded the birth. It was destroyed in religious disturbances in Orissa. From the Mahabamsa section of the Tripitaka published later, it came to be known that Lumbini was a vast feudal (zamindari) area, and not a village or a place. In the month of March 1928 a stone inscription like the one found in the Tarai region was found in Kapileswara, a village then one mile away from Bhubaneswar, the present capital of Orissa State. Now it has become a part of the city of Bhubaneswar, the part called the old town. The Kapileswara plate, first brought to public notice by Mr. Harenchandra Chakaldar of the Calcutta University was procured about March 1928 by Mr. Birendranath Roy for his private museum at Puri from a farmer of the village of Kapileswara, situated nearly a mile to the south of the famous Lingaraj temple at Bhubaneswar. The farmer had found the inscribed stone slab set in the mud wall of his hut. This is all the information which Mr. Roy and others could gather from him. The lingam (phallus) of the Bhaskareswara temple of Bhubaneswara was proved to be a portion of an Asokan pillar by the eminent historian Mr. Rajendralal Mitra in 1880 and then supported by Dr. N.K.Sahu and Dr. K.C.Panigrahi, two eminent historians. The Linga formed out of a piece of the original Asoka pillar was named Bhaskareswara, another name of Buddha meaning the Sun God certainly it had connection with Buddha, because of the fact that Buddha is frequently designated as ‘Arkabandhu’ and ‘Adityabandhu’ meaning of friend of Sun God. As the lingam was converted from the broken pillar containing Buddha’s mortal remains, the name Bhaskareswara was given to the lingam. Even the name Bhubaneswara is derived from one of the names of Lord Buddha. A group of people of Kalinga during the lifetime of Buddha had accepted Buddhism, because the first two Buddhists, Tapusa and Bhallika were inhabitants of Kalinga, and Buddha had come to Kalinga twice after his enlightenment. But after the death of Buddha when the emperor of Kalinga Brahmadutta made Buddhism the religion of the state, Buddhism got spread in every part of Kalinga, but unfortunately taking advantage of the death of Brahmadutta, the kings of Nanda dynasty of Magadha attacked Kalinga and occupied some parts, and partially destroyed, many Buddhist monuments. As mentioned in the book of Mr. Mohapatra, when all the sculpture of Kapilavastu, the birth place of Buddha, were destroyed, some of the most devout Buddhists led by Bhikshu SANKASA in 5th century AD thought over as to how to keep the memory of Buddha intact. The seal scribed with “OM DEVAPUTRA BIHAR KAPILAVASTU BHIKSHU SANKASA” alleged to have been recovered from that place relates to 5th century. Because the BHIKSHUS kept it concealed in such an inaccessible place after the original birthplace was damaged. That could never have been the palace of Sudhodana surrounded by the paddy fields. Retaining the text in a copy, they had handed over the original plate to the faithful Mallas and went away to Nepal. The said original plate contained 90 letters. So following the principle of truth they also kept 90 letters in this latter version of the birth plate. But they dropped the name of the scribe and the date, because they would have been far from the truth, the cardinal principle of Buddhism. In course of time it so happened that Buddhism became completely extinct in the real birthplace of Buddha. Likewise, the followers also could not take the image of Konakamana. They took an exact copy of the inscription installed in the Konakamana stupa, and placed it building a pillar in the Himalayan Tarai area. As the image and pillar of Konakamana were situated in the seashore, likewise they constructed the pillar on the bank of a great tank. The present Konark was the site of the Konakamana stupa and the Ashokan inscription. After a long interval they also shifted the image of Mayadevi and placed it in that secret far off place in Tarai region of Nepal. Then after some time they perhaps took away the remnant of bones and sacred ashes of Buddha from the ruined stupa at Kapileswara and after constructing a new stupa put those bones and ashes there. Being desperate of failure in preserving intact the main citadel of Buddhism in the real birthplace of Buddha, an artificial seat of Buddhism was constructed in the Tarai region in the foot of the Himalayas. The sculpture of it was quite different from the Asokan period. But unfortunately this place has wrongly become famous as the birthplace of Buddha. But at last the original birthplace has come to light. If the pillar, which was built by Asoka, after 240 years of Buddha’s death in Buddha’s original birthplace, would have been present now along with the plate, then, there would have been no such arguments as raised now. But due to ill luck, Buddhism was rooted out from Orissa. After Asoka made Buddhism the state religion in the empire many fictitious stories were fabricated about Buddhism. Many legendary tales completely distorted the true history. One of the tales says that there were many ‘Buddhas.’ Out of the six ‘Buddhas’ the fifth Buddha was named ‘Konakamana’, who was also known as ‘Konakamuni’. But these six ‘Buddhas’ were no other than the same Gautama Buddha. The two edicts of Asoka i.e. (i) The Kapileswara inscription referring to the birth of Buddha and (ii) the Konakamana inscription prove undoubtedly that Buddha was a historical person. In the end we must give serious attention to the fact that Lumbini never existed in Kapilavastu, rather according to the old Buddhist literature Kapilavastu, was the capital of Lumbini. But the stone-pillar, which Asok got erected in the birthplace of Buddha, the name of Kapilavastu never occurs. Because Sakyamuni was born in Lumbini (Asoka refers to Buddha as Sakyamuni), Asoka gave up the idea of realizing land revenue from the residents of Lumbini and he offered his worship at the place where Buddha was born. During the time of Goutam Buddha, Bramhadutta was the Emperor of Kalinga. Buddha was the son of a small estate owner a Jamidar as can be seen from the book “Bhagaban Buddha” by Dharmananda Kosambi. Suddhodana, his father, was the proprietor of a small estate in the vast kingdom of emperor of Kalinga. After the death of Buddha his left molar tooth was given to the then Emperor of Kalinga and not to any other King. It is written in the Mahapadan Sutta of Mahavaga that Lumbini was an Estate of Buddha’s father. His capital was Kapilavastu. Ashok constructed the pillar in Kapilvastu where Buddha’s birth rites were performed. Had Kapilavastu been a city of some standing, Ashok would have named it in the inscription on the stupa. Compared to the vast Indian Empire of Ashoka, Lumbini was a very small estate and Kapilavastu of those days was its headquarters without much of urban characteristics to be called a town (nagara). But the forest area where Buddha was actually born became famous later as Bhubaneswar which is actually one of the other names of Buddha. Till 1940s the present new capital of Orissa was actually a dense ‘sal’ forest. After renouncing the world Buddha went out aimlessly and reached Rajagriha, the capital of Magadha. In ‘Suttanipata’ Buddha himself has said that Toshala was a part of Lumbini region. When Bimbisara, the Emperor of Magadha, saw Buddha, he was astonished looking at the most handsome ascetic and asked his whereabouts. In Niravana Katha Jataka edited by Bhadanta Ananda Kausalyana it is mentioned that it took 60 days for Buddha to travel from Rajagriha to Kapilavastu to cover a distance of 60 yojanas i.e. about 675 kms. at the daily average rate of 1 yojana which is 11 kms. Kapileswara (Kapilvastu of Orissa) is at a distance of 650 kms. from Rajagriha straight while the so called Kapilvastu region of Tarai area is only a distance of only 300 kms. from Rajagriha. The same Hemavantagiri as mentioned by Buddha later on was known as Swarnakuta. Swarna and Hema both stand for gold. This hilly region also included the forest area of Chandaka which was named after Chhandaka, the Charioteer of Buddha. Khandagiri, Dhauligiri and Udyagiri hills belonged to this area. They were all in the Capital of Toshala and Kapilvastu was situated in the foot of the Hamavanta. The Dhauli rock edict of Ashoka was specifically addressed to the people and Administrators of Toshali, and not Kalinga an empire, which contained the state of Toshali and the region of Lumbini.
“Ujum janapado raja hemavantassa passato”
“Dhana viriyana sampanno tosalesu niketino”
Translated it reads –
“there is O’ king, a country on the slop of the Hemagiri, rich in wealth and heroes, who dwell among the Tosalas i.e. straight from here the rich the prosperous Tosali which lies in the foot of Hemavanta, is my residence.” These holy words of Buddha are quoted in Pabbajja Sutta in Suttanipata published by Palli Publication Board. Thus according to Buddha Himself he belonged to Toshala. Kapilavastu of Toshala, (later known as Toshali) which is presently Kapileswara of Bhubaneswar is situated to the south of Rajagriha and both of them stand almost on the same meridian. Rajgiri is on 85° 30’E and Bhubaneswara is on 85° 45’E but Kapilavastu of Nepal and Rajagriha, capital of Magadha by no means located in a straight line. If straight location is taken from the stand point of latitude, Rajagriha is situated on latitude 25° North while Kapilavastu of Tarai region is located on the latitude 27°30’N. In the whole World as has been described earlier, two persons who for first time accepted Buddhism were the two merchants of Kalinga, Tapussa and Vallicka as can be seen from Lalitavistara – 24th canto. The two merchants came traveling from Kalinga referred to in Lalitavistara as Utkal and they had approached Buddha and offered him rice and honey cake. They had offered him “Arisha pitha” described as ‘madhupindakam’ in Rajayatana Katha. This was lump of sweet food made of rice powder, gur(jagerry), ghee and other ingredients, still a popular delicacy in Orissa today. After enlightenment, Buddha had accepted food first of all from these two merchant brothers of Utkal (Kalinga) and they embraced the new religious thoughts by Buddha. In one sense they could be called the first two converts. Buddha then went in their cart to the Mrugadava forest of Varanasi now called Saranatha and while these merchants were on the way back from Hastina, Buddha came with them to Rajagriha. All these descriptions indicate that Buddha and these two brother merchants belonged to one region i.e. Kalinga now (Orissa) as has been mentioned by Sir Edwin Arnold in his book ‘The Light of Asia’. Buddha had given his teachings in Pali language. It is known that the then language of Kalinga was Pali. The stone inscription of Kharavela as can be seen in Udayagiri hill near Bhubaneswar is written in Pali. The news spread that the Tathagata was going to have His Parinirvana (demise) in the estates of the Mallas on the full moon day of month of Vaisakha which also happened to be Mesha Sankranti, the first day of the solar month of Aries. The bereaved Mallas who belonged to the Vasistha clan came to Him with their families and worshipped Him. They cremated Him after his ‘Maha Parinirvana’ (great demise) with the respect of a ‘Rajachakravarti’ as given in Maha Parinirvana Sutam. Mallas denied to give his ashes and bones to anybody and they came to His birth place, Kapilvastu. The Mallas had entered Kalinga with Buddha’s ashes and bone. Emperor Brahmadutta had received them and worshipped the tooth of Buddha keeping it inside a golden casket and renamed his capital as “Dantapura”. He also built a stupa with the statue of Buddha, also known as “Konakamana” in that city of Charitra port, then in the middle of Kalinga as that was the route by which Buddha had travelled with his wife and children. A stupa was built in His birthplace by Brahmadutta, Emperor of Kalinga and the ashes and bones were kept there. The Mallas migrated with their kins to Kapilvastu to worship the relics of Buddha as can be seen from the book Bhagavan Gautam Buddha by Uttama Bhikshu. The Mallas belonging to Vashistha clan are still to be seen at Kapileswara near Bhubaneswar. They are now nearly 500 families. Families have inter marriage system only among themselves. They are now known as Mallias. After the religious transformation they have become worshippers of Shiva, but all of them strongly believe that Buddha was born at Kapileswar. The first Kapileswara Lingam was previously worshipped by the sage Kapila and then by Suddhoddan father of Gautam Buddha. The second Kapileswara lingam was installed by the Mallas who were worshipping the sacred relics of their beloved Goutam Buddha, in a stupa. After the stupa and then the pillar erected by Ashoka was destroyed by the religious fanatics, the vase containing the relics of Buddha was removed and it still lies vacant, and on it a Lingam is installed which is third lingam of Kapileswara. It is like a coverlid and bears a hole and reminds the Mallias the birth place of Buddha, as mentioned by A. Barth and Dr. A.Cunningham in their book ‘Religions of India’ published by the Archeological Survey of India. The Mallias who are the main worshippers now claim that the out let was aimed at respiration of Lingam. Now only the third Lingam is worshipped. The Brahmins of Kaundanya clan who were the priests of the Sakyas are still living in Kapileswara area since last 2500 years. They were worshipping the stupa till 5 th century AD and after the stupa along with the pillar was destroyed it was replaced by a Shiva Temple. Then they have become the cooks of the Kapileswara Temple. It has been referred to in many puranas written after Gautam Buddha that Kapila Muni the propounder of Sankhya philosophy meditated for many years at Kapilavasthu and the place was known as Kapilavasthu after him. After the extinction of Buddism, Kapilavastu became a full-fledged seat of Saivism, and renamed as Kapileswara. The people of Kapileswara believe that their place was sanctified both by Kapila Muni and by the birth of Buddha. Even those Mallas (Now Mallias) who are worshipping relics of Buddha while pouring water upon the Shiva Lingam use to call aloud – “Oh Sage ! Kapila.” Emperor Ashoka had invaded Kalinga in 261 B.C. defeated them and was himself converted to Buddhism. 29 years after this he died in 232 B.C. After his death the non- Buddhists again became powerful in Kalinga and destroyed the Buddhist monuments and other memorials built by Asoka. During this period, the Kapileswara (Kapilavastu) pillar and the sacred stupa, built before, were destroyed. The distinguishing features of birth plate of Kapileswara, the proofs from the adjoining areas, the ruined fragments of the Asokan pillar, all these prove perfectly that this birth plate on the pillar had been installed by Asoka. Besides, it is doubtless that the present Konarka area as the Konakamana region. The remnants of the temple of Mayadevi in the premises of the present ruins of the Konark temple clearly establish that Konark was a Buddhist shrine. The image of Buddha recovered from this area is worshipped as Dharmaraja at Puri Jagannath temple. Mayadevi is not the name of any Hindu Goddess. The Mayadevi temple bears ample evidence of the fact that the site of Konark temple was a Buddhist shrine. This worship at the birthplace of Buddha was taken up by Asoka after twelve years of Kalinga war. After two years of his conversion to Buddhism, he had been to Uruvela, the place of enlightenment of Buddha. Then again he came back to Pataliputra and got himself busy in preparing the installing the rock edicts in different parts of India. Nearly five years passed like that. When Asok was doing all the work for the propagation of Buddhism, is it not something unusual for him not to visit Buddha’s birth place for paying his homage, when the so called birth place Kapilavastu of Nepal was so near to his capital, Pataliputra? Why was there delay on the part of Asoka to go to the birthplace of Buddha? This doubt can be removed only by the assumption that Asoka very much hesitated to enter the war ravaged Kalinga immediately after accepting Buddhism. He had to wait for a long period of 12 years to come to the birth place of Buddha, because by that time, the situation in war-ravaged Kalinga had changed for the better because of his love for peace, efficient and gist administration, and his affectionate messages to the people. Asoka never had a battle with Nepal. If Buddha was born in Nepal, after embracing Buddhism, Ashok would have visited Nepal more than once in 12 years. There may be a question that in case we accept Toshali of Kalinga as the region where Buddha was born, why did it not occur to Hiuen Tsiang to come over to the birthplace of the Lord during his sojourn here? The answer is that by the time Hiuen Tsiang came, the whole region of Kalinga was a land of Savites, and the Buddhist monuments were in utter ruins. The Sakya and the Kolas had left the country and took refuge in far off forest tracts because of the oppression of the Savite Kings. We do not find a single name place starting with Kapila in Nepal today. ‘Rummindei’ is a creation of Dr. Fuher. When the same Sakyas Kolas are still found exclusively in Orissa, and when Mallas (Malias), the true worshippers (Upasakas) of Buddha are found in great numbers in Kapileswar near Bhubaneswar, will it not be ridiculous to put the birth place of Buddha in the Tarai region of Nepal? Would the historians answer this question?
Refer these links:
To check similarities with Pali with Odia use this website:
Check usual body parts like eye, ear, leg etc. or 1,2,3, numbers, animals like Dog.. food like rice or fruit like mango or verb like “more” etc. etc… the exact word of Odia with same pronunciation will be found.
BUDDHA IS THAT INDIAN WHICH HAS BEEN SPIRITUALLY LIKED, LOVED AND WORSHIPPED BY MANY PEOPLES AROUND THE WORLD. BUDDHISM NEVER FOLLOWED CON OR HOOK & CROOK GAME LIKE VEDISM TO MAKE ITS FOLLOWERS BIGGER OR HAD FOLLOWED THE SHINE OF SWORD TO ESTABLISH ITS EMPIRE OF FAITH LIKE ISLAM. JESUS NEVER FOLLOWED CHRISTIANITY BUT WAS A BUDDHIST MONK. PEOPLE OF JAPAN, CHINA, SOUTH KOREA, CAMBODIA, THAILAND, MYANMAR, BHUTAN, MONGOLIA, SRI LANKA, LAOS, SINGAPORE, TAIWAN, MACAU, MALAYSIA, NEPAL ETC. RESPECT BUDDHA MORE THAN ITSELF HIS BIRTH PLACE INDIA. ITS SHOWS THE HEGEMONY OF BRAHMINS AFTER EVEN INDEPENDENCE OF INDIA. TILL TO DATE OUR GOVERNMENT IS NOT GIVING HIM THE RECOGNITION OF AN INDIAN. OUR GOVERNMENT NEVER TOOK ANY STEP, WHY BUDDHISM HAD DECLINED IN INDIA AND WHO WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR THAT IN OUR HISTORY BOOKS. NOT EXPOSING THE REASONS BEHIND DECLINATION OF BUDDHISM AND IDENTITY KILLING OF BUDDHA FROM INDIA BY WHICH RACE SHOWS STILL INDIA IS IN BRAHMINS HEGEMONY.
ONLY ONE INDIAN IS FAMOUS & TRULY LOVED AROUND THE WORLD TILL TO DATE FROM 263BC, THAT IS BUDDHA.
BUDDHISM IN ODISHA
BUDDHISM OF ODISHA CONVERTED TO NON-BUDDHISM